Trading at the Speed of Light: How Ultrafast Algorithms Are Transforming Financial Markets

  • 11h 29m 18s
  • Donald MacKenzie
  • Gildan Media
  • 2021

In today's financial markets, trading floors on which brokers buy and sell shares face-to-face have increasingly been replaced by lightning-fast electronic systems that use algorithms to execute astounding volumes of transactions. Trading at the Speed of Light tells the story of this epic transformation. Donald MacKenzie shows how in the 1990s, a new approach to trading - automated high-frequency trading or HFT - began and then spread throughout the world. HFT has brought new efficiency to global trading, but has also created an unrelenting race for speed, leading to a systematic, subterranean battle among HFT algorithms.

In HFT, time is measured in nanoseconds (billionths of a second), and in a nanosecond the fastest possible signal - light in a vacuum - can travel only 30 centimeters, or roughly a foot. That makes HFT exquisitely sensitive to the length and transmission capacity of the cables connecting computer servers to the exchanges' systems and to the location of the microwave towers that carry signals between computer datacenters. Drawing from more than 300 interviews with high-frequency traders, the people who supply them with technological and communication capabilities, exchange staff, regulators, and many others, MacKenzie reveals the extraordinary efforts expended to speed up every aspect of trading.

In this Audiobook

  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. To the Towers
  • 3. “We'll Show You Our Book. Why Won't They?”
  • 4. Dealers, Clients, and the Politics of Market Structure
  • 5. “Not Only Would I Lose My Job, I Might Lose My Legs Too!”
  • 6. How HFT Algorithms Interact, and How Exchanges Seek to Influence it
  • 7. Conclusion