Wilmington's Lie: The Murderous Coup of 1898 and the Rise of White Supremacy

  • 11h 26m 35s
  • David Zucchino
  • Recorded Books, Inc.
  • 2020

By the 1890s, Wilmington was North Carolina’s largest city and a shining example of a mixed-race community. It was a bustling port city with a burgeoning African American middle class and a Fusionist government of Republicans and Populists that included black aldermen, police officers, and magistrates. There were successful black-owned businesses and an African American newspaper, The Record. But across the state - and the South - white supremacist Democrats were working to reverse the advances made by former slaves and their progeny.

In 1898, in response to a speech calling for white men to rise to the defense of Southern womanhood against the supposed threat of black predators, Alexander Manly, the outspoken young Record editor, wrote that some relationships between black men and white women were consensual. His editorial ignited outrage across the South, with calls to lynch Manly.

But North Carolina’s white supremacist Democrats had a different strategy. They were plotting to take back the state legislature in November “by the ballot or bullet or both”, and then use the Manly editorial to trigger a “race riot” to overthrow Wilmington’s multi-racial government. Led by prominent citizens including Josephus Daniels, publisher of the state’s largest newspaper, and former Confederate Colonel Alfred Moore Waddell, white supremacists rolled out a carefully orchestrated campaign that included raucous rallies, race-baiting editorials and newspaper cartoons, and sensational, fabricated news stories.

With intimidation and violence, the Democrats suppressed the black vote and stuffed ballot boxes (or threw them out), to win control of the state legislature on November eighth. Two days later, more than 2,000 heavily armed Red Shirts swarmed through Wilmington, torching the Record office, terrorizing women and children, and shooting at least 60 black men dead in the streets. The rioters forced city officials to resign at gunpoint and replaced them with mob leaders. Prominent blacks - and sympathetic whites - were banished. Hundreds of terrified black families took refuge in surrounding swamps and forests.

This brutal insurrection is a rare instance of a violent overthrow of an elected government in the US. It halted gains made by blacks and restored racism as official government policy, cementing white rule for another half century. It was not a “race riot”, as the events of November 1898 came to be known, but rather a racially motivated rebellion launched by white supremacists.

In Wilmington’s Lie, Pulitzer Prize-winner David Zucchino uses contemporary newspaper accounts, diaries, letters, and official communications to create a gripping and compelling narrative that weaves together individual stories of hate and fear and brutality. This is a dramatic and definitive account of a remarkable but forgotten chapter of American history.

In this Audiobook

  • Chapter One - Cake and Wine
  • Chapter Two - Good Will of the White People
  • Chapter Three - Lying Out
  • Chapter Four - Marching to the Happy Land
  • Chapter Five - Ye Men of Unmixed Blood
  • Chapter Six - The Avenger Cometh
  • Chapter Seven - Destiny of the Negro
  • Chapter Eight - A Yaller Dog
  • Chapter Nine - The Negro Problem
  • Chapter Ten - The Incubus
  • Chapter Eleven - I Say Lynch
  • Chapter Twelve - A Vile Slander
  • Chapter Thirteen - An Excellent Race
  • Chapter Fourteen - A Dark Scheme
  • Chapter Fifteen - The Nation's Mission
  • Chapter Sixteen - Degenerate Sons of the White Race
  • Chapter Seventeen - The Great White Man's Rally and Basket Picnic
  • Chapter Eighteen - White-Capping
  • Chapter Nineteen - Buckshot at Close Range
  • Chapter Twenty - A Drunkard and a Gambler
  • Chapter Twenty-One - Choke the Cape Fear with Carcasses
  • Chapter Twenty-Two - The Shepherds Will Have Nowhere to Flee
  • Chapter Twenty-Three - A Pitiful Condition
  • Chapter Twenty-Four - Retribution in History
  • Chapter Twenty-Five - The Forbearance of All White Men
  • Chapter Twenty-Six - What Have We Done?
  • Chapter Twenty-Seven - Situation Serious
  • Chapter Twenty-Eight - Strictly According to Law
  • Chapter Twenty-Nine - Marching from Death
  • Chapter Thirty - Not the Sort of Man We Want Here
  • Chapter Thirty-One - Justice is Satisfied, Vengeance is Cruel
  • Chapter Thirty-Two - Persons Unknown
  • Chapter Thirty-Three - Better Get a Gun
  • Chapter Thirty-Four - The Meanest Animals
  • Chapter Thirty-Five - Old Scores
  • Chapter Thirty-Six - The Grandfather Clause
  • Chapter Thirty-Seven - Leave it to the Whites
  • Chapter Thirty-Eight - I Cannot Live in North Carolina and Be Treated Like a Man