Accessible Technology and the Developing World

  • 7h 26m
  • Jonathan Lazar, Michael Ashley Stein
  • Oxford University Press (US)
  • 2021

When digital content and technologies are designed in a way that is inaccessible for persons with disabilities, they are locked out of commerce, education, employment, and access to government information. In developing areas of the world, as new technical infrastructures are being built, it is especially important to ensure that accessibility is a key design goal. Unfortunately, nearly all research on Information and Communication Technology (ICT) accessibility and innovation for persons with disabilities-whether from the legal, technical, or development fields-has focused on developed countries, with very little being written about developing world initiatives. Accessible Technology and the Developing World aims to change this, by bringing increased attention to ICT accessibility in developing areas.

This book brings together a unique combination of contributors with diverse disciplinary backgrounds, including authors from well-known non-governmental organizations, significant United Nations entities, and universities in both the developing and developed world. Together, they present a unique and much needed review of this critical and growing area of work, and primarily address three core themes - the lack of attention given to innovations taking place in the developing world, the need to ensure that infrastructures in the Global South do not present barriers to people with disabilities, and the need to exercise caution when applying techniques from the Global North to the Global South that won't transfer effectively.

This book will be of use to researchers in the fields of civil rights, development studies, disability rights, disability studies, human-computer interaction and accessibility, human rights, international law, political science, and universal design.

About the Author

Edited by Michael Ashley Stein, Harvard Law School Project on Disability, Executive Director, and Jonathan Lazar, College of Information Studies (the iSchool), Professor

Professor Michael Ashley Stein is the co-founder and Executive Director of the Harvard Law School Project on Disability, and a Visiting Professor at Harvard Law School since 2005. Considered one of the world's leading experts on disability law and policy, Dr. Stein participated in the drafting of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities; works with disabled peoples' organizations and non-governmental organizations around the world; actively consults with governments on their disability laws and policies; advises an array of UN bodies and national human rights institutions; and has brought landmark disability rights litigation globally.

Jonathan Lazar, PhD, LLM is a professor in the College of Information Studies (iSchool) at the University of Maryland. Dr Lazar joined the iSchool in 2019, after 19 years as a professor of computer and information sciences at Towson University, where he served as director of the information systems program for 14 years.

In this Book

  • Foreword
  • Introduction
  • Development for All—How Human Rights Break Down Barriers to Technology
  • Addressing the Drivers of Digital Technology for Disability-Inclusive Development
  • Global Trends for Accessible Technologies in the Developing World—An Analysis of the Results of the Digital Rights Evaluation Index
  • Digital Accessibility Innovation in Latin America and the Caribbean
  • Digital Accessibility in the Asia-Pacific Region
  • The Role of Technical Standards in Improving Digital Accessibility in Under-Resourced Regions and Communities—Judy BrewerWorld Wide Web Consortium (W3C), Massachusetts Institute of Technology Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab
  • Digital Inclusion in the Global South—Work Globally, Act Locally
  • Digital Accessibility and Intersectional Discrimination
  • The Relevance of the CRPD and the Marrakesh Treaty to the Global South's Book Famine
  • The Patent System, Assistive Technologies, and the Developing World
  • Accessible ICT as a Ray of Hope for Disability Rights in Pakistan
  • Design Approaches for Creating Person-Centered, Context Sensitive, and Sustainable Assistive Technology with the Global South
  • Ludic Design for Accessibility in the Global South
  • Multi-Country Comparison of ICT and Educational Accessibility for Blind Students
  • Ride-Hailing as Accessible Transit—A Case Study of Blind Users in India
  • The Role of Ugandan Public Universities in Promoting Accessible Information and Communications Technology
  • Accessible Mobile Banking in India