Sex and Gender Bias in Technology and Artificial Intelligence: Biomedicine and Healthcare Applications, First Edition

  • 5h 49m
  • Davide Cirillo, Emre Guney, Silvina Catuara Solarz
  • Elsevier Science and Technology Books, Inc.
  • 2022

Sex and Gender Bias in Technology and Artificial Intelligence: Biomedicine and Healthcare Applications details the integration of sex and gender as critical factors in innovative technologies (artificial intelligence, digital medicine, natural language processing, robotics) for biomedicine and healthcare applications. By systematically reviewing existing scientific literature, a multidisciplinary group of international experts analyze diverse aspects of the complex relationship between sex and gender, health and technology, providing a perspective overview of the pressing need of an ethically-informed science. The reader is guided through the latest implementations and insights in technological areas of accelerated growth, putting forward the neglected and overlooked aspects of sex and gender in biomedical research and healthcare solutions that leverage artificial intelligence, biosensors, and personalized medicine approaches to predict and prevent disease outcomes. The reader comes away with a critical understanding of this fundamental issue for the sake of better future technologies and more effective clinical approaches.

  • First comprehensive title addressing the topic of sex and gender biases and artificial intelligence applications to biomedical research and healthcare
  • Co-published by the Women’s Brain Project, a leading non-profit organization in this area
  • Guides the reader through important topics like the Generation of Clinical Data, Clinical Trials, Big Data Analytics, Digital Biomarkers, Natural Language Processing

About the Author

Davide Cirillo, Ph.D. is a postdoctoral researcher at Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) Computational Biology group, Life Sciences Department. Davide Cirillo received the MSc degree in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology from University of Roma ‘La Sapienza’, Italy, and the PhD degree in Biomedicine from Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF) and Center for Genomic Regulation (CRG) of Barcelona, Spain. His research is devoted to the development and application of computational methods in Precision Medicine with a special emphasis on Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence.

Silvina Catuara-Solarz, Ph.D. is a translational neuroscientist with expertise in neurodevelopmental, neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders. After earning a Ph.D. in Biomedicine by the Pompeu Fabra University that she developed at the Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG), the Hospital del Mar Research Institute (IMIM) (Barcelona, Spain) and the University of California Irvine (Irvine, United States), she worked on target identification for drug development at Janssen Pharmaceutica (Beerse, Belgium). Driven by her interests in merging Technology and Health, she then joined the Health Moonshot at Telefonica Innovation Alpha (Barcelona, Spain) as Strategy Manager where she was involved with the development of evidence-based digital mental health solutions and their efficacy assessment. Given her conviction in the importance of sex and gender for the progress of medicine, Dr. Catuara-Solarz is an active member of the Women’s Brain Project. She has a track record of high impact scientific publications as well as books for the lay audience. Currently Dr. Catuara-Solarz is a selected member of the World Health Organisation Digital Health Roster of Experts and she serves in the European Institute of Innovation and Technology Health (EIT Health) as a project evaluator and a mentor of start-ups in the digital health and medtech sector.

Emre Guney, Ph.D. is a Senior Research Fellow at the Research Programme on Biomedical Informatics (GRIB), at the Pompeu Fabra University (UPF) and Hospital del Mar Research Institute (IMIM) in Barcelona, Spain and works on developing computational systems biology models for network medicine. He holds a secondary appointment at the Pharmacology & Personalised Medicine department at Maastricht University in the Netherlands. He obtained a B.S. in Computer Engineering from Middle East Technical University (METU), Ph.D. in Biomedicine from Pompeu Fabra University (UPF) and spent several years as a postdoctoral scholar at the Center for Complex Network Research (CCNR) and the Center for Cancer Systems Biology (CCSB), Boston, MA, USA.

In this Book

  • The Women’s Brain Project
  • Introduction: The Relevance of Sex and Gender in Precision Medicine and the Role of Technologies and Artificial Intelligence
  • Implications of Sex-Specific Differences on Clinical Studies of Human Health
  • Sex and Gender Inequality in Precision Medicine: Socioeconomic Determinants of Health
  • Bias and Fairness in Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence
  • Big Data in Healthcare from a Sex and Gender Perspective
  • Biases in Digital Health Measures
  • Sex and Gender Bias in Natural Language Processing
  • Sex differences in Invasive and Noninvasive Neurotechnologies
  • How Gender is Intertwined With Robots and Affective Technologies: A Short Review
  • A Unified Framework for Managing Sex and Gender Bias in AI Models for Healthcare
  • Privacy Issues in Healthcare and Their Mitigation Through Privacy Preserving Technologies
  • Societal and Ethical Impact of Technologies for Health and Biomedicine
  • Conclusion: Toward sex- and Gender-Stratified Precision Medicine