Linux OS Exploits Proficiency (Advanced Level)

  • 20m
  • 31 questions
The Linux OS Exploits Proficiency benchmark measures whether a learner has extensive exposure in generic Linux operating system distributions, practices, and principles , and working experience and exposure to common OS exploits and techniques. A learner who scores high on this benchmark demonstrates professional proficiency in all of the major areas of Linux exploits analysis and tooling.

Topics covered

  • apply flags to the gcc compiler to catch string weaknesses by converting warnings into errors
  • describe a program's structure in memory in terms of address space layout
  • describe architectural considerations based on the targeted platform
  • describe common weaknesses and errors made when working with integers and how to prevent them
  • describe how coding errors and vulnerabilities lead to corrupting memory
  • describe how data and functionality are protected by separating computing resources
  • describe how strings are exploited in computer programs
  • describe how strings executed dynamically can lead to vulnerabilities
  • describe methods and goals for allocating memory
  • describe out-of-order execution and related processor concepts and vulnerabilities
  • describe race conditions, their potential for vulnerabilities, and approaches to avoiding race conditions
  • describe safeguards and considerations when running insecure programs in virtual environments
  • describe the GNU C Library (glibc) and how it integrates with the Linux kernel
  • describe the impact and mitigations in place to avoid and mitigate the Spectre and Meltdown vulnerabilities
  • describe the main components of the Linux system call table
  • describe the nature of out-of-bounds write vulnerabilities and their impact
  • describe the Write XOR Execute (W^X) feature and its impact on memory security
  • describe use-after-free vulnerabilities, how they occur, and typical target examples to keep in mind
  • discuss how data and functionality are protected within the Linux operating system by kernel and userland separation
  • establish an approach to using virtual environments to stage exploits
  • explore compiler warnings that are vital to security and program stability
  • explore how stack smashing vulnerabilities occur and how they are mitigated
  • illustrate the weaknesses caused by string formatting methods
  • investigate what it means to overflow the heap
  • perform a string buffer overflow in a C program
  • recognize and avoid stack buffer overflows
  • recognize and correct weaknesses introduced by poorly implemented string copies
  • recognize escape vulnerabilities from virtual machines to hosts
  • targets for exploiting processes and tasks of a running Linux system
  • targets for privilege escalation exploits and common privilege control mechanisms
  • various processor and operating system considerations that need to be taken into account when developing mitigations to vulnerabilities and exploits